A1. When would I be registered with the statutory pension system in Hungary?
There is no special focus on the scientists in the Hungarian social security therefore the general scheme applies to them also.
In the first approach, service time is equivalent to insurance periods. According to general rules service time can be acquired by establishing various legal relationships with the purpose of working (i.e. performing gainful activity). Moreover, service time includes the disbursement period of child raising or unemployment benefits, and also periods covered by agreements concluded with the purpose of acquiring service time. As a basic principle, only insurance periods for which pension contribution has been paid can be recognized as service time.
However, the Pensions Act in force in view of acknowledging the rights obtained, renders it possible to deem certain periods acquired prior to 1 January 1998 as service time, even if no pension contribution was paid over such periods. Such periods are, first of all, those spent in full time higher education and compulsory military service.
Other important working relationships of researchers/scientists are the internship and doctorate, where the key determinant is whether there is gainful activity which serves as a basis for pension insurance contribution. Period of secondary school is not taken into account as service time.